Ancient Egypt - Investigate
real Egyptian artefacts
Let's find out about some real Egyptian artefacts.
You can see lots more objects on display at Birmigham Museum
and Art Gallery.
A Shabti Shabti figures were statuettes, usually in the form
of a mummy. The Egyptians believed that these would magically
carry out any work they had to do in the 'afterlife' (when
thay had died). Often 365 shabti figures were placed in a tomb
that's one for each day of the year!
This wooden object was used as a type of Egyptian pillow.
look very comfortable because the padding is missing from
the part that touches your head. Some were plain and some
were beautifully carved. Headrests were also used to support
the heads of the dead to keep evil spirits from entering
from the ground, into the body.
The mirror is made out of a metal called bronze which is a mixture of copper
and tin. The scientific name for a mixture of metals is 'alloy'. The mirror
was made by beating a lump of bronze until it was as thin as a sheet of cardboard.
Then it was polished to make it shiny enough to reflect the light back from
your face. Sometimes these mirrors had handles made out of bone or ivory.
An Amulet - The Eye of Horus
An amulet could also be called a lucky charm. They were often made to represent
one of the many different gods that the Egyptians believed in. This amulet
represents 'Horus' who was one of the most powerful gods. He had a man's body
and a hawk's head.
Alot of amulets have been found in Egyptian tombs as they were wrapped up with
body in order to protect it from evil.
The egyptians loved to decorate their bodies with jewellery. This necklace is
made from pottery beads called 'faience'. Poorer people wore jewellery made
from clay or bone. Richer people had more elaborate jewellery made from bronze,
silver or gold.
A Make-up Pot
Both men and
women used special powders and pastes to cover their skin. The make-up was
not only worn to make them look attractive but also to protect them from the
hot climate - quite similar to how we use sun cream today.
This pot may have stored 'Khol' - black makeup that the
Egyptians used to decorate their eyes.
A Senet Playing Piece
Egyptians like to amuse themselves by playing a board game
called 'Senet'. This
is a playing piece from the game. It's about 3cm high.
You can try senet out for yourself in the Egypt
Gallery at Birmingham Museum or play some paper based
Egyptian games from the printables
section of the website.