The 'spinning jenny' was the first move towards automating
the spinning industry.
This was followed by Richard Arkwright's more complicated
spinning frame shown in the picture.
They were designed to speed up the spinning of yarn
to supply the weavers who had had their industry revolutionised
by improvements to the loom.
It was Hargreaves' and Arkwright's machines, and later
improvements on them, that moved spinning out of the cottages
and into factories. The larger machines needed to be near
the source of power that worked them - at first water and
The spinning and weaving of wool and linen was overshadowed
as the eighteenth century went on by processing a new textile
How did the spinning machine in the picture work?
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